By Dr. Charles Kos.
This is a peculiar term. The encompassing definition being suggested in this book is that a 'pyramid', wherever it may be found, and generally in earlier periods, is often really a huge fertility hill and place of worship, defined by Rodney Castleden as a 'harvest hill'. This may be natural or partly shaped, or entirely built by man.
It is built not necessarily as a tomb for a king, as is often thought, (such a tomb could be too-easily plundered) but rather as a tomb for Stone- or Bronze-age gods. These may hve included a shining god or fertility deity which returns annually, as well as other underworld deities such as a serpent and trickster god. There may also have been an associated 'world tree' or yggdrasil, or totem pole, marking the site as a center of creation.
In a place lacking trees, the pyramid may be built of stone rather than turf (this book does not really discuss the pyramids of America). Such a pyramid would then be square-shaped, as that is the shape of stone blocks, and incorporating north-south astronomy in its alignment, or in relation to other pyramids. There may also have been an associated triple deity, often female. The three components are seen as the weavers of mens' fate. These are all responsible, together with an interaction with sky deities, for the promotion of the fertility of the land.
FIGURE: A pyramid may or may not be astronomically aligned. This is to 'center' it on a flat earth, facing the four winds. Norman Lockyer, however, called this equinox worship, pyramids therefore of agricultural/fertility importance
A pyramid may or may not be astronomically aligned. The mound was seen as a centre of creation, a point from which Earth, its geological patterns, wter and all creatures, were originally born. As such the pyramid may also contain various soil or plant samples from across the landscape, presumably an act of sympathetic magic to raise fertility in various locations.
A pyramid is also a mountain representation. Nutrients are washed down a mountain to a fertile valley below, where crops may be grown. In an area lacking a mountain, was a pyramid built instead?
A pyramid or pyramid complex is like a replica of the underworld, probably built for political purposes, in order to actually practice a Stone-Age religion whose ideas are encapsulated in part by very old mythology. It was all done for the ressurrection of the bleeding god, sometimes synonymous with the Sun god, and as a tomb for him during the winter months.
A pyramid may have been used as a tomb for a king, perhaps due to its resemblance to a regular tomb, or it may not have. Much larger pyramid or tomb-like structures lacking a burial are often surrounded by smaller mounds which almost invariably are the burials of once-important figures. The king may have been buried rather close, if not in the actual pyramid, in order to take advantage of the proximity of these gods and their representation, for his own afterlife. Above all a pyramid is a mound for the promotion of fertility, for rebirthing the argicultural god near suitable farmland, and perhaps also for associated good luck.
This, I would suggest, is what a pyramid really is.
This has been an excerpt from 'In Search of the Origin of Pyramids and the Lost Gods of Giza'
, by Plus Ultra Books, 2015, pp. xxvi-xxvii.